Preventing Motor Vehicle Accidents
Traffic accidents have contributed to the increasing number of deaths in the United States over the years. According to the website of Abel Law Firm, road crashes and collisions can result to fatal injuries or tragic deaths. According to the website of Centers For Disease Control and Prevention, more than 2.5 million Americans went to the emergency department for crash injuries in 2012. No matter how safety conscious we are, accidents can still happen so the best way to avoid these injuries is to prevent them from happening in the first place.
There are three basic prevention strategies that can be considered by governments and/or agencies in order to reduce the number of motor vehicle crashes. Primary prevention involves removing various circumstances that lead to injury such as reduction of traffic speed, reducing consumption of alcohol, and fitting stair gates to young children.
In secondary prevention, each individual needs to undertake steps on how to reduce the severity of an injury should an accident occur. This includes installation of child safety car seats, bicycle helmets, smoke alarms, and others. Finally, tertiary prevention involves optimal treatment and rehabilitation after an injury. This includes effective first aid and appropriate hospital care.
Both clinicians and non-clinicians have a huge role in the prevention of motor vehicle injuries and deaths. Health professionals can have an important role in providing advice to patients through the identification of accident risks or medical conditions. Likewise, they can help identify and treat accident causing conditions in patients with medical conditions.
Non clinicians, on the other hand, can implement non-clinical interventions such as advocacy and policy making, collaboration with other agencies, promotion of accident prevention education and training, and research. The provision of safety equipment also plays an effective role in increasing safety practices. Among the advocacies that can be implemented include using primary enforcement seat belt laws, using sobriety checkpoints or comprehensive graduated licensing system.