Dangerous Materials in the Workplace

Dangerous Toxics and Materials in the Workplace

There are jobs out there that have dangerous conditions and equipment, making employees at risk of injury or disease. In the injury aspect, workers may sustain head and brain injuries, shoulder and back injuries, hip and pelvic injuries, because of a variety of reasons, such as slip and fall accidents, equipment malfunctions, and overexertion. Some of these complications even require surgery or legal help, such as the shoulder replacement lawsuit attorneys of Williams Kherkher.

But aside from the physical strain, there is a much more dangerous aspect at work – exposure to chemicals, toxics, and other substances that may have negative effects on the body. Below are some of the common dangerous materials that can be found in the workplace.


Asbestos has once been used as a fire retardant in buildings and residences, but it has been discontinued because of public pressure. But because of exposure to asbestos can potentially lead to the generation of cancer known as mesothelioma, the construction workers before are at risk. Other workers that may be at risk of mesothelioma include automobile mechanics, demolition workers, firefighters, and shipyard workers. The issue is serious enough to warrant the need for a mesothelioma cancer lawyer.


Benzene is a chemical compound that is naturally found in volcanoes and forest fires. It is a known carcinogen, meaning that it can cause cancer, especially on long exposures. This compound is not just found in nature, but also in the industrial world. It is found on motor vehicle exhausts, gasoline stations, and burning coal and oil, so those who are frequently exposed to these things, like employees, are the most vulnerable to benzene exposure. Exposure can have varying results, from simple drowsiness to even death.


Perchlorates are salts that easily dissolve into water. They most common perchlorates include magnesium, potassium, ammonium, sodium, and lithium, and they are most commonly found in explosives, fireworks, and rocket motors. Those who are most at risk of perchlorates are those involved in the said industries. But even if you are not involved in these industries, you may still be at risk, especially if you live near rocket test sites. Exposure to perchlorate does not cause cancer, but it can cause issues to thyroid activity, resulting in problems involving the skin, skeleton, and bodily systems such as the reproductive system and nervous system.

To avoid injuries and illnesses in the workplace, it is best to always follow safety regulations, wear protective gear, and be cautious of your surroundings. Knowing the dangers of these materials gives you a step forward in entirely avoiding workplace accidents.

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Minimum Wage and Overtime Threshold in New York

Minimum Wage and Overtime Threshold in New York

In the recent past, New York has recently made headlines after increasing minimum wage and the overtime threshold. Starting December 31, 2016, the minimum wage in New York City will be $11 for large companies and $10.50 for companies that have less than 11 employees. For Nassau, Suffolk, and Westchester, it is $10. For the other counties in New York, it will be $9.70. Fast food employees even have it better. In New York City, the basic minimum hourly rate is $12, and $10.75 outside the city.

Despite the different increases, the goal is to make minimum wage to $15, and these different kinds of workers on different places in New York will reach that goal in different time periods.

In New York City, the minimum wage for large companies will increase $2 annually, meaning that it will reach the $15 mark on 2018. The minimum wage for companies that have less than 11 employees will have a $1.50 annual increase, resulting into a $15 minimum wage on 2019. For Nassau, Suffolk, and Westchester, minimum wage earners will have a $1 increase until the minimum wage turns into $15 in 2021.

Though fast food employees have a better start in the race, they will not go over $15. In New York City, fast food employees will get a yearly increase of $1.50 until the minimum wage clocks in at $15 on 2018. For the fast food workers outside New York City, there will be monumental increases up to 2021, where the minimum wage also stops at $15.

The overtime threshold, or the threshold in which an employee is no longer eligible for overtime pay, has also increased, making more and more people eligible for overtime. The increase will also be implemented on December 31, 2016.

In New York City, the new threshold for large companies will be $825 and $787.50 for companies that have less than 11 employees. For Nassau, Suffolk, and Westchester, this threshold will be set to $750, and $727.50 for the rest of New York.

For New York City, Nassau, Suffolk, and Westchester, this threshold will increase annually until it reaches $1,125. The rest of New York will also experience the same increase, but it will only culminate into $937.50.

These increases ensure that New Yorkers are properly compensated, both in wage and overtime. It is also a good thing that New York has lawyers who specialize on unpaid wage and overtime, such as those in Cary Kane, LLP. The law is on the side of employees, so don’t be afraid to step up if you are not meeting these new increases.

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Alcohol and Drugs on Driving

Negative Effects of Alcohol and Drugs on Driving

Driving under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or other substances that may have negative effects on the body is a crime, because being impaired while on the road puts you at greater risk of committing mistakes, and we all know that a single act of negligence can already trigger an accident, injure somebody, and destroy a property. Negligence is defined as failure to exercise care. Carelessness and negligence are enough grounds to bring a driver to court.

But what exactly are the negative effects of alcohol and drugs on drivers, and how do these effects trigger drivers to commit mistakes?

Limited body coordination

Driving requires the efficient coordination between hands, feet, and eyes, and if one of these factors are compromised, you may be in for a traffic accident. Failure to coordinate bodily functions may also be a sign of limited comprehension and concentration skills, resulting in more problems. The intoxicated driver may fail to comprehend traffic signs or concentrate on the road and his lane.

Limited sensory information

Being under the influence limits a driver’s sense of sight, smell, taste, hearing, and touching. These senses can be particularly important in driving, particularly sight. If a driver has impaired vision, he is putting himself in greater risk of collisions with obstructions like road signs and trees, other vehicles, and pedestrians. He will also have a hard time perceiving traffic signs and lights, and road curves and turns.


An often overlooked effect of alcohol and drugs is the fact that they can potentially make drivers more open to stunts and other reckless behaviors like speeding, weaving between lanes, turning sharply, and overtaking without regard to the others around them, and generally disobeying traffic rules. This puts not just the intoxicated driver in danger, but also the others around him who may fail to react on time to his reckless tendencies.

Getting injured in a car accident, particularly because of a drunk driver, is always a terrible experience. But it is a good thing to know that driving under the influence is against the law. The only thing we should worry about now is the proper implementation of the law to deter people from driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs.

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